Know About Electric Space Heaters and Their Benefits

Space heating is the best way to get adequate and cost efficient heating. Unlike central heating, it provides heat only for the limited space, conserving the electricity and thus reducing the electricity bill. Space heaters are best suitable for homes or offices with few rooms, in which limited number of people are present.

Many types of space heaters are available in the market today. Based on the type of power source used, they are commonly divided into three types. They are electric heaters, gas heaters and kerosene heaters. Of the three types, electric heaters are most preferred and are considered as most efficient as they have many benefits over the other two types. Here, we will discuss about the types of electric heaters and their benefits. We have also provided some tips on how to handle electric heaters efficiently.

How do they work
Electric heaters (in fact all space heaters) are broadly divided into two types based on the way they transfer the heat. They are Radiative heaters and convective heaters. Here, we will discuss only about the electric space heaters.

Radiative space heaters
They are the most efficient and are famous for their direct heating method. On switching on the radiant heaters, they emit radiations and heat the objects directly without heating the surrounding air. They are instant heat generators. Infrared heaters are popular among them. Quartz bulbs, halogen lamps and metal coils are commonly used as heat generating elements in these heaters. The heat generated by these elements is focused in a particular direction through reflectors.

Convective space heaters
Convectional type of heating involves heating the space by gradually heating the air in the room. This heated air when circulated in the room, results in increase of temperature. These heaters do not provide instant heating, as heating the air needs time. There are different types of convectional heaters like fan forced heater, ceramic heaters, oil filled heaters etc.

Compared to convectional space heater, radiant heaters are more energy efficient as they directly heat the objects, instead of heating the air.

Benefits
Electric ones are very efficient and effective. They provide ample heating in the space, within the minimum usage of equipment. Due to the concentrated heating, not much heat is wasted. Unlike the gas or kerosene based traditional heaters, they don’t carry risk of fire and carbon monoxide poisoning. Electrical heaters are environmental friendly as they do not use Propane, Butane, LPG gas or Kerosene. Electric space heaters are very simple to use. They are easy to maintain and most importantly are clean, as they don’t involve burning of any coal or wood. They are portable and are easy to install and operate.

How to use them effectively
Space heaters by themselves are very effective. Right usage of these heaters further enhances their productivity. A fan forced electric space heater with a blower can also improve heat transfer. While purchasing an electric heater, see that you select the one which has got two or three heat regulating options, as this will enable you to adjust the heat to the required temperature easily. Having a thermostat to your electric heater will not only make you adjust the temperature of the room, but also prevents from overheating of the room.

Safety tips
Though electric space heaters are many times safer than the traditional heaters, they have to be handled properly. Improper electric connections, overheating or corrosion may lead to major accidents. Therefore, in order to avoid these incidents, follow the few safety tips given below.

  • In case of using an extension cord, use a heavy duty cord made up of 14 gauge wire or larger.
  • It is advised to buy a portable space heater with a tip-over safety switch, which shuts off the heater automatically, if the unit gets tipped over.
  • The electric heaters have a high risk of fire outbreak. Hence, space heaters with low surface temperatures or the heaters provided with thermal cut out switches should be used.
  • It is better not to operate a defective heater and get it repaired immediately on finding the missing controls.
  • Place the electric heaters away from the moist areas, such as bathrooms, which may lead to shocking hazards due to corrosion of heater.
  • Keep them on a stable surface.
  • Regardless of all the above safety measures, it is compulsory that you install a smoke detector to prevent huge destruction.

Electric space heaters are the best heating options when used properly. They are energy efficient and economical. Considering all their features, electric space heaters stand as a good choice of heat sources.